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Micropropagation and In Vitro Inflorescence of Pentas lanceolata

Kitti Bodhipadma, Sompoch Noichinda, Chutikarn Tangtivaporn, Saowaros Phanomchai, David W. M. Leung


In this study, different concentrations of 6-benzyladenine (BA) on in vitro shoot and inflorescence inductions of P. lanceolata were investigated. The in vivo and in vitro floral characteristics of this plant were also compared. Nodal explants of P. lanceolata were cultured vertically with the cut ends inserted into semi-solid Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium supplemented with 0, 0.5, 1, 2, 4, and 8 mg L–1 BA. The results showed that the explants formed the highest numbers of shoots even when cultured in MS basal medium without any addition of BA, while the shoots formed in the explants cultured in MS medium supplemented with 1 mg L–1 BA were the longest. No inflorescence was found in the shoots cultured in MS medium supplemented with 8 mg L–1 BA, while the highest percentage of inflorescence induction was found in the shoots cultured in the medium supplemented with 0.5 mg L–1 BA. The apperances of in vivo and in vitro flowers of P. lanceolata were the same in many aspects except that the number of flower/inflorescence formed was different. In addition, water accumulation was observed only inside the in vitro flowers. Water deposit in the long tubular structure of P. lanceolata flower could cause anther injury, suggesting that flowers developed in vitro may not always produce pollen.


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DOI: 10.14416/j.asep.2022.01.004


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