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Optimization of Parameters for the Extraction of Phenolic Antioxidants from Boxberry Tree (Myrica Esculenta) Bark Using Response Surface Methodology

Do Thi Kieu Trinh, Nguyen Thi Thanh Tinh, Ho Thi Thu Hoa, Nguyen Tien An, Pham Ngoc Tuan, Phan Hoang Dai


The boxberry tree (Myrica esculenta) bark has been known to have multiple health benefits and is used as a traditional medicine. A critical gap in knowledge exists on a simple but effective method to isolate the bioactive components from the bark. This study aimed to optimize the operating conditions, including temperature, ethanol concentration, and time, for the extraction of phenolic antioxidants from the boxberry bark sample using a response surface methodology. Results showed that the second-order polynomial regression models were statistically significant and sufficient to estimate the responses. Response surface optimization for all responses was successfully carried out to determine the optimum extraction conditions, which were a temperature, an ethanol concentration, and an extraction time of 75.8 °C, 48.3% (v/v), and 117 min, respectively. At these conditions, total phenolic and total flavonoid contents, 3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonic acid diammonium salt (ABTS) scavenging capacity, and ferric-reducing antioxidant power were predicted to be 205.9 mg GAE/100 g, 37.8 mg CE/100 g, 271.3 mg AAE/100 g, and 111.4 mg AAE/100 g, respectively. The insignificant difference between the estimated and the experimental values suggested that the predictive models were valid to predict the process outcomes.


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DOI: 10.14416/j.asep.2023.09.001


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